By the end of Year 2 most children should be able to:
Number and Place Value

count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward or backward

recognise the place value of each digit in a twodigit number (tens, ones: 27 is 20 + 7)

identify, represent and estimate numbers in different ways , including the number line

compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs

read and write numbers to at least 100 in numbers and words

use place value and number facts to solve problems
Addition and Subtraction

solve problems with addition and subtraction

use objects and pictures, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures

applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods

recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, (20 + 0 = 20, 19 + 1 = 20, 18 + 2 = 20 etc) and derive and use related facts up to 100
Add and subtract numbers using objects, pictures and mentally, including:

a twodigit number and ones (23 + 5=/ 42 – 4 =)

a twodigit number and tens (26 + 30/ 64 – 20 =)

two twodigit numbers (31 + 46 =/52 – 21 =)

adding three onedigit numbers (9 + 6 + 4 =)

show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order and subtraction of one number from another cannot

recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and missing number problems
Multiplication and Division

remember and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers

write a number sentence for multiplication and division using the correct multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals (=) signs

show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order, and division of one number by another cannot

solve problems involving multiplication and division, using arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in context
Fractions

recognise, find, name and write the correct fractions: 1/3 , ¼ , 2/4 and ¾ of a length, a shape, a set of objects or a quantity

write simple fractions for example, ½ of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and ½
Measurement

choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels

compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =

recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value

find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money

solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change

compare and sequence intervals of time

tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times

know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day
Properties of Shapes

identify and describe the properties of 2D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line

identify and describe the properties of 3D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces

identify 2D shapes on the surface of 3D shapes [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid]

compare and sort common 2D and 3D shapes and everyday objects.
Position and Direction

order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences

use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and threequarter turns (clockwise and anticlockwise).
Statistics

interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables

ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity

ask and answer questions about totalling and comparing categorical data.
Year 2